Why you should read the book Challenges to Internal Security of India by Ashok Kumar

Written by Girishkumar Kumaran. Last updated at 2022-08-03 17:22:56

The book Challenges to Internal Security of India is a comprehensive guide on the history, causes, and effects of terrorism in India. The book covers all aspects of internal security and will be helpful for UPSC exams. The book is written in a simple language, making it easy to understand. The author has provided a brief history of terrorism, its causes, and its effects on India. He also describes the different types of terrorist organizations that are active in India.

History of Terrorism

Terrorism is a global phenomenon that has been around since ancient times. Terrorism is a political tool, and it has been used as such throughout history. It can be defined as using violence to achieve political ends when other means are unavailable or have failed. It is a form of warfare, but it differs from a conventional war in that it involves an asymmetric battlefield in which there are no rules and no uniforms (1). For example, terrorism's use as a weapon during World War II demonstrated its psychological impact on civilian populations (2).

Some scholars argue that terrorism has existed since antiquity; others contend that modern terrorism only began with the French Revolution (3). Regardless of where you believe terrorism originated, we can all agree that it's here now—and we should be concerned about how to deal with the threats posed by terrorist groups like ISIS or Al Qaeda. Terrorism is an act of violence or threat of violence against a person, property, or society with the intent to cause fear. Terrorist groups use various methods to achieve their goals and are often motivated by political or religious beliefs (4).

Defining Terrorism

To understand internal security challenges, it is essential first to define terrorism. According to the United Nations, terrorism uses violence or threats to coerce or intimidate a population into accepting demands. A group that uses this tactic is known as a terrorist organization.

Terrorism can be used for many reasons: political goals, religious beliefs, etc., but its primary purpose is always the same: to create fear in people so they will change their behavior and make political changes according to the desires of those who perpetrated the act(s).

In the context of this book, terrorism is defined as “the use of violence or threats to intimidate a population into accepting demands. It can also be used to achieve political goals.” There are many different types of terrorism: domestic (within one country) vs. international (between other countries), religious vs. secular, etc., but they all have something in common: they create fear.

Terrorism and Internal Security

Terrorism is a threat to internal security. It also threatens national safety, international security, global and human security, and social and economic security. Terrorism has been one of the significant challenges facing India since independence. It presents itself in different forms such as political terrorism, ethnic terrorism, religious terrorism, etcetera which have been discussed in detail in the book.

The book also discusses the various anti-terrorism laws passed to fight terrorism in India. The author has provided his suggestions on tackling this issue, which he feels is important because it affects our nation's internal and external security.

Causes of Terrorism

As you can see, terrorism threatens India's internal security. Terrorism is a global phenomenon, and the world has been facing this menace for ages. Terrorism is a threat to the sovereignty, territorial integrity, and unity of India. It could also endanger democratic values in India as well as the secular fabric of our nation.

We all need to unite to fight this menace; let us join hands in our fight against terrorism.

Globalization is another cause of terrorism. With the world increasingly becoming a global village, it has been easier for terrorists to access weapons and explosives worldwide. Poor economic conditions are also directly related to terrorism. When people do not have food on their table, they become desperate and look for solutions in the wrong places. This is when terrorists take advantage of their ignorance and use it to spread hatred and violence.

Psychology of Terrorists

The chapter on Psychology of a Terrorist is one of the most critical chapters in the book, as terrorism is an internal security challenge. The author has explained how terrorists are motivated and what they want to achieve.

It covers all aspects related to internal security. It will be helpful for UPSC exams.

.The book also talks about the role of intelligence agencies in internal security. It has detailed information on communalism and Naxalism, which will help you to understand their ideology. The book covers all aspects of internal security, especially those essential for UPSC exams.

Threats to Internal Security of India

Naxalism: In the late 1960s, a group of political activists in the undivided Communist Party of India (CPI), dissatisfied with its pro-Moscow line, started their faction that would take up the cause of what they called 'revolutionary socialism.' This new party was named after a village near Calcutta, Naxalbari. It fought against what it saw as an oppressive sociopolitical system and advocated revolutionary means to overthrow this system. In 1969, members of this new organization began launching violent attacks on landlords and police officers in West Bengal and were soon known as Naxals or Maoists (after their ideological leader).

Left Wing Extremism: The term "Left Wing Extremism" is used by Indian security agencies to describe those violent groups which believe in Maoist ideology and use extremist methods to achieve their objectives. These objectives include overthrowing capitalism through class war and establishing communism through armed struggle waged by underground cells operating within India's borders. Jammu & Kashmir: The problems of Jammu & Kashmir involve issues relating to sovereignty, territorial integrity, and self-determination, as well as religious terrorism; communal violence between Hindus/Sikhs, who are mainly from the Jammu region, while Muslims are mainly from the Kashmir region; cross-border infiltration from Pakistan Occupied Kashmir(PoK) into Indian Territory. North East India: An insurgency movement has existed in Assam since 1979 for various reasons, such as the ethnic conflict between Bodo tribe people living in Assam state where there is demand for separate statehood for Bodoland Autonomous Council area(BAC) comprising four districts, namely Kokrajhar district which includes Fakring reserve forest area where Bodo tribes reside along with other ethnic communities like Rabhas, Dimasas, Garos, etc.; ethnic conflict between indigenous tribals inhabiting hill areas known collectively under generic nomenclature "Tea Tribes."Kashmir: The problem concerns mainly two aspects - firstly, how quickly

Regional Conflicts in India

Kashmir is a Muslim majority state and has been an integral part of India since 1947. However, it is currently under the rule of Pakistan due to its internal conflicts with India. The conflict in Kashmir started when India was partitioned into two countries: India and Pakistan, resulting from the Partition Plan proposed by Lord Mountbatten in 1947. Although Indian leaders accepted this plan for the territorial division, some Hindu nationalists did not agree with it because they wanted to keep all of Jammu and Kashmir as part of their country, thus, causing tensions between these groups during that period (p. 101). As mentioned before, Kashmir had already been under British rule. Still, it remained largely autonomous until 1846, when Maharaja Gulab Singh signed over his rights over the Jammu region to the British East India Company through a treaty agreement known as Treaty Of Amritsar, which allowed Gulab Singh’s successor Dogra dynasty to rule over both parts until 1947 when he signed another treaty called Article 370 which gave special status within Indian constitution but denied them any representation either legislative houses or executive bodies like Lok Sabha, etc. Also mentioned earlier, after independence, many protesters were arrested by the Indian army, leading them against the local administration led by Sheikh Abdullah, who became Prime Minister afterward and was later dismissed due to his involvement with the Pakistani government. They then formed National Conference Party (NC), which demanded complete freedom from Indian rule. Still, They later accepted autonomy status within Indian Constitution after losing an election against the People's Democratic Party (PDP) led by Mufti Mohammad Sayeed. He supported an alliance between the PDP/BJP coalition government at the center since 2002 due to now being coalition partners themselves since 2016, being reelected in the 2014 general elections, and remaining unchanged in 2019 polls too.

Left Wing Extremism (LWE) in India

As stated by the author, the book is about India's internal security. The chapter elaborates on the Left Wing Extremism (LWE). The LWE is a threat to the internal security of India. It also threatens the democratic process and hinders social harmony in India. Moreover, it disturbs economic development and the environment as well.

According to the author, there are two types of Lewes: Maoist extremism and Naxalite insurgency. These two types pose a threat to the internal security of India because they challenge both state power and civil society by engaging them in a violent struggle for political change or social justice; thus, they hinder national development processes that are necessary for creating jobs opportunities for millions of unemployed persons across rural areas where most Maoist activities happen nowadays.

Issues in North-East India

The North-East region of India has been a victim of various troubles. It is one of the most diverse areas in the country, with several ethnic groups, languages, and religions. There are also problems related to poverty and unemployment among youth from this region. This chapter discusses some issues faced by the North-East that need to be addressed for its internal security:

Poverty in some parts of the North-East makes it easier for terrorist groups to recruit local youths for their cause.* Insurgent groups such as ULFA and NSCN are still active in many regional districts.* Ethnic clashes between Bodos and Muslims have recently taken place in Assam.* Some trained terrorists may pose as refugees from Bangladesh or Myanmar but could be planning attacks against India.* Terrorist activities have increased since 2012 due to drug trafficking through Aizawl city

Issues in Jammu and Kashmir

The issues in Jammu and Kashmir include The problem of terrorism in the state. The territory remains divided between India and Pakistan, with both claiming it as their own. Regional autonomy would allow Kashmiris to determine how they want to live.

The way to solve these problems is A comprehensive approach, including military, political, and economic measures.**An effective use of special powers under article 370 for the region's development.

Issue of Naxalism in Central India and the Dandakaranya Region

The Naxalite problem is a major internal threat to India, as it has been causing large-scale loss of life and property in Central India. It is also known as the Naxal movement. “Naxal” refers to the village where it started, Naxalbari in West Bengal, which was once a substantial base for this movement. The Naxalites have spread their activities throughout large parts of Central India (Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh) and have even extended into Andhra Pradesh and Orissa on the east coast. They are deadly threats to internal security because they fight against government forces by using arms such as landmines and grenades; they also kill police officers who try to stop them from their activities. Their main aim is to overthrow the government with violence so that people can live freely without interference from State authorities or anyone else.

The book covers all aspects related to internal security. It will be helpful for UPSC exams.

The book is a good resource for UPSC exams but can also be used as a general knowledge reference. The book covers all the aspects related to internal security. It will be helpful for other exams too. The author has explained each topic in detail with examples and illustrations, so the reader understands the concept.

This book is for anyone who wants to improve their knowledge about internal security. It gives you a better understanding of the critical issues from an internal security point of view and also provides some tips on how these can be handled effectively.

The book “Challenges to Internal Security of India” covers all aspects of internal security. It will be helpful for UPSC exams.

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