Summary of Gitanjali by Rabindranath Tagore
Gitanjali is a collection of profoundly spiritual yet worldy poems by Rabindranath Tagore, a distinguished Bengali poet, and philosopher who lived from 1861 to 1941. The title Gitanjali means "offerings with songs," and the collection speaks to spirituality, love, and nationalism.
Gitanjali is the best-known work of Rabindranath Tagore, for which Tagore received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. Gitanjali consists of 108 poems Tagore wrote between 1904 and 1910.
The original lyrics are written in Bengali. They are also written in style called "Kabi." This style was popular among wandering poets who entertained audiences with their works during festivals and other celebrations. The English translations have consistently failed to represent the emotions in the original text.
Gitanjali is about freedom, joy, and being open. The collection begins with Tagore describing how he felt as a child and later as an adult. As a child, he loved the darkness because it embraced him with love. He would go out into the night and dance naked in its arms. Later as an adult, he found that his clothes were holding him back from doing what he wanted to do in life.
The collection is divided into four parts: Prayers, Dedication, Praise, and Love.
Part one: Prayer
This section contains poems praising the Supreme or Brahma (the creator) as a deity with infinite power. The poet asks for strength and guidance from him to overcome life's difficulties.
''The forest is my mother. I am the tree among trees, the shrub among shrubs. I am the grass among grasses. And I am also a man who knows his place in Nature and keeps his place.''
Part two: Dedication
This section contains poems dedicated to his family members, such as his brother Jyotirindranath Tagore (1849-1925), nephew Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941), cousin Satyendranath Tagore (1847-1882). These poems express love towards them individually and collectively.
''I know it is impossible to embrace the whole world, but I should like to express my love for the whole world by embracing a single portion of it. I should like to take all the sorrows and joys of those bound to me by indissoluble ties and make them my own.'' -Gitanjali.
Part three: Praise
This section is about praising nature. The natural world is portrayed as a living creature with soul, sentiment, and emotion. The poet praises the entire creation of God with its changing forms and colors throughout the year's four seasons.
Part four: Love
This section concerns love between humans and their feelings for one another in different situations.
Poem 28 was selected by Mahatma Gandhi as his favorite poem.
The poem begins with the mother singing a lullaby to her baby:
"The bees are humming; the fairies are dancing,
The earth is green with new-springing grain;
But of all sweet things that I know on it,
Lay your head down in my lap and sleep."
You can feel the emotion with which Tagore has crafted these words. You can see how they would make any parent feel love for their child, even if they weren't familiar with Tagore's work. It's also easy to imagine how this poem would appeal to someone like Gandhi, who was deeply committed to nonviolence and peaceful coexistence between different peoples and faiths.
It's often said that Tagore brought the ancient Indian tradition of poetry and philosophy to English readers. It provides a feast for the mind and inspiration to live life fully. Here are my top ten lessons from this timeless work:
The best way to win the world’s heart is to give it your own
If you want the world to love you, the best way to win their hearts is by giving your own. Don’t be afraid of being vulnerable—your openness will only make them feel more connected to you. Be yourself, and don’t try to fit in with what society expects of others. Love who you are, and love those around you as well. If we are kind and generous toward one another, we can live together in peace without fear or judgment from others.
Do not let the world’s opinion about you define who you are or how you should live your life. Be true to yourself, and never give up on those who love you.
Love is above all
In the poem, the author talks about how love is the only thing that matters. Love will last forever and make you happy. It doesn't matter what happens in your life; if you have love, everything will be okay. This poem shows us how important it is to have someone who loves us and understands us no matter what happens in our lives.
If we look at this poem as a whole, we can see that Tagore uses very descriptive language to describe what he means by love. He says “love is above all,” which means there are no limits on where love can go or how far it could go with someone else’s heart before becoming their own.
It would help if you found happiness in yourself first.
There are many ways to live your life, some of which can be very fulfilling. But if happiness is your goal, you will want to ensure that you don't get caught up in other people's ideas about what makes a good life. For example, if someone tells you that the best way to be happy is by getting married and having children, this might not apply if it doesn't fit your plans or desires. You need to find happiness within yourself before bringing it into other parts of your life—which can take some time!
The only way you can experience joy is by giving it away
The most important lesson I learned from Gitanjali is that you cannot truly experience joy in life if you have not given it away. The only way you can provide is by first receiving, and the only way you can receive is by first giving. You are a collection of energy, and your energy will be replenished by giving it away to others.
Gitanjali's verse #3 states: “The joy we give away has come back to us multiplied.” In other words, when we share our happiness with others, they will remember us kindly and tell others about their experience with us in the future—and this will increase our chances of being happy again sometime later down the road with someone else who might need some cheering up! What a fantastic way for our lives to be interconnected!
When you accept what is, you can change what will be
Acceptance is the first step to change. To be able to change, you must take what is. Acceptance does not mean resignation; it does not mean giving up or being passive. It does not mean being complacent with the status quo.
Accepting what is allows us to see the world as it is, without illusions about how things should be. We begin to see that all things come and go, that nothing stays the same forever, and that everything around us changes every moment—including ourselves! When we accept this truth about life (and death), we can begin to let go of our attachments—to people or ideas—and experience more peace within ourselves while working in harmony with others toward a common goal."
The human body is fragile and mortal, but the soul lives forever.
The human body is fragile and mortal, but the soul lives forever. Tagore reminds us that the body is a temporary vessel for our eternal soul, which does not belong to this planet. We are all part of a larger universe and must remember that as individuals and species. The lesson here is to take care of yourself on Earth, but don't get too attached to it because you'll leave soon!
People who look outside themselves are doomed to misery
Tagore says that the more you look outside yourself for joy, peace, love, and contentment, the more you will find sorrow. But when you look within yourself for these things, they are there waiting to be discovered.
For example: if I am happy with my life and have a good relationship with my partner but am still looking for something more in myself, then it will never be enough, and I will always feel like something is missing from my life. However, if I am happy with how things are going in my life now, I won't need anything else to make me feel complete because everything is already inside me!
Life is a never-ending celebration of love with moments of struggle in between
Life is a celebration of love, but it's also full of moments when we struggle with our existence and its meaning. We should be grateful for both. We should never let the struggles define us or put us in a place where we feel like we can't enjoy life.
In Gitanjali, Tagore says: "The thirst for beauty is the symptom of a living mind."
This is one of the most powerful lessons to learn to live a happy life. Even though there are moments when we struggle with our existence and its meaning, they will always be outweighed by the moments where we can celebrate love.
Nothing will ever take away your self-worth except for yourself
Your self-worth is not defined by your job title or by the size of your bank account. It's not about how many likes you get on Instagram. Your self-worth is a value that comes from within; no one can take it away from you except yourself.
Nothing will ever take away your self-worth except for yourself, so don't let anyone else define who you are. You must be proud of who you are, what you do, and where you come from!
There is no such thing as freedom without responsibility.
Taking this lesson of freedom is essential because it is only in the context of responsibility that we can begin to understand what it means to be free. Space is not the same as anarchy, which rejects the authority of law and order. It is also not synonymous with lawlessness, irresponsibility, lack of restraint, or disrespect for others' rights. Instead, true freedom comes from a sense of self-restraint and respect for others' needs and requests—it comes from an open mind that allows us to see beyond ourselves so that we can better understand how our actions might impact others.
It is easy to see how everyone benefits when we are willing to accept responsibility for our actions: If I don't think about my choices before making them, then I won't know what they mean until after I've made them; by then, it's too late! But if I pause before acting, then maybe those options will disappear from my present reality altogether; now, there's less chance of regretting them later on down the road here...
Build a strong foundation within yourself.
This can mean being true to yourself and your goals—by being kinder, more patient, humble, and grateful. It can also suggest focusing on the things that matter most such as your family and friends (whether they are human or furry). It may even be about acknowledging what you have accomplished so far and not getting too caught up in the future.
It's important to remember that we all make mistakes from time to time; how we handle those mistakes defines us as people. The key is learning from them rather than repeating them repeatedly until our lives become a series of regrets instead of achievements to be proud of!
The essence of life is in its experiences.
Experiences make us who we are, and they're our best teachers. Experiences can either build or break us down, so we must choose wisely. Our experiences shape our beliefs, personality traits, and values. They also shape our present & future as well as our past. Thus experiences should be chosen carefully because they will impact your life forever (or at least until you decide to change).
The best way to comprehend anything is through experience! There's no better way than going out there and doing something yourself to see first-hand how it works rather than just reading about it or hearing someone else talk about it. The best way for us humans to grow or evolve is through new challenges - taking on new experiences helps us grow as people by improving various skills such as communication skills but also physical fitness levels along with mental toughness when dealing with difficult situations always come up eventually.; thus, having these different types of challenges every day during childhood has been proven time after time for decades r. Carol Dweck first discovered this phenomenon known today simply as "growth mindset."
Giving and taking are the two sides of one coin.
In the Gitanjali, Tagore underscores that giving and taking are the two sides of one coin. He says, "Giving and taking are the two sides of a single coin." This means that giving is not just about receiving something in return; it's also about offering something even when there is no expectation of getting anything in return.". In other words, giving should be out of generosity without anticipating any reward or benefit.
The idea behind this lesson is simple: you should do things because they are correct (and rewarding), not because you want to receive something in return for them later on. When someone does something nice for another person without expecting anything in return, their actions leave an indelible mark on both people involved--the giver and the receiver alike--and create an example for others to follow by demonstrating how selfless giving can make us all better human beings.
A person becomes genuinely tolerant only when they have suffered.
Tolerance is the ability to accept or endure pain, frustration, or unpleasantness. The word was initially used to describe a mental state of patience with delay, annoyance, and loss of life. Today's meaning has been extended to include acceptance of people whose beliefs and lifestyles differ from one's own.
This poem talks about tolerance in its true sense. It says that a person becomes genuinely tolerant only when they have suffered. When you have seen pain and suffering yourself, your soul becomes more open toward others' pain and anguish.
When people do good, do not forget about it.
In Gitanjali, Rabindranath Tagore reminds us that it is essential to remember the good deeds of those who we encounter in our own lives. We should never forget to thank people who do some good thing for us, encourage their efforts, and reward them when they deserve it. Similarly, we must also never forget to appreciate someone's effort or acknowledge their work which has gone into something that has benefited us.
Looking carefully at Gitanjali, you will notice that Tagore's poems are full of positive life lessons. The following points give you a quick overview of what they are:
Be kind to others. The poem "Shyamal" teaches us that we should be considerate towards everyone, not just those who are good to us or look like us. We all have our problems and burdens in life, so it's best if we help each other through them rather than taking advantage of each other's weaknesses.
Be tolerant of others' views on religion, race, and culture. In the poem "The Post Office," Tagore urges people not to discriminate against others based on their beliefs or skin color because this leads only to hatred and violence between humans rather than love for one another (which is what we need).
Be grateful for what you have in your life instead of focusing on wanting more material possessions, etcetera! In the poem called "Social Discrimination," which is about how some people treat others unjustly due to their religious beliefs or where they were born - Tagore teaches us not to judge someone until we know them personally (and even then, it doesn't mean they deserve bad treatment). This can be applied when considering how much money someone has compared with yours too! You never know them well enough, so please don't assume anything based on this assumption alone - always try making friends before judging them negatively."
Now that you’ve read these lessons from Gitanjali, you should be ready to face the world confidently. You have all the tools and resources you need to succeed in life if only you can find them within yourself. Remember: your happiness lies within yourself, and love is something that never dies. Always remember this as you embark on your journey towards success!